History & Technology

This article explores technological determinism’s societal impact, examining its nomological, normative, and unintended consequences within labor markets, ownership, and social hierarchy. The analysis emphasizes understanding technology’s complex effects to maximize benefits and address challenges.

Car Emission Reduction

This article examines the importance of reducing air pollution from fossil fuel combustion through post-treatment of exhaust gases. It highlights the significance of catalytic converters, their evolution, and their role in mitigating harmful emissions using precious metal catalyst nanoparticles.

Truck Emission Reduction

This article examines the significance of optimizing combustion and improving exhaust gas aftertreatment to minimize emissions in internal combustion engines. It also compares the efficiencies and emission characteristics of spark-ignition (SI) gasoline engines and compression-ignition (CI) diesel engines.

Renewable Energy

This article provides an overview of clean and renewable energy technologies like solar, wind, geothermal, hydroelectric, biofuel, and biomass. It highlights the progress made in adopting renewable energy while emphasizing their potential to reduce harmful pollutants and mitigate climate change.

Solar Energy

This article explores solar energy’s potential in meeting global energy demands, focusing on solar photovoltaic (PV) panel mechanisms. It highlights emerging innovations like flexible solar cells, solar shingles, advanced storage systems, and multi-junction cells transforming electricity generation and distribution.

Colonize the Moon

This article investigates lunar colonization feasibility by analyzing the moon’s origin, surface features, and regolith composition. It evaluates life support needs and proposes a plan for habitation, addressing challenges and opportunities in resource utilization and infrastructure development.

Self-Driving Cars

This research article offers an extensive overview of autonomous vehicles, detailing their history and key features such as autonomous emergency braking and various sensors including vision systems, radar, lidar, and sonar. It also delves into the algorithms used for object detection and recognition, which are crucial for self-driving cars to navigate and respond to their surroundings effectively.

Plane Parachutes

This article delves into the development of aircraft parachute recovery systems, focusing on their lightweight design, rapid deployment, and life-saving potential. It also highlights the successful integration of these systems into various aircraft models and the ongoing research to expand their use in commercial aviation, emphasizing the need for additional safety measures and providing relevant equations.

Thermal Barrier Coatings

This research paper provides a comprehensive overview of thermal barrier coatings, discussing their history, structure, function, and applications. It also explores the physical vapor deposition process, its historical development, and various techniques, comparing it with chemical vapor deposition and delving into the underlying physics of deposition, including evaporation, transport, and deposition processes.


This article examines the history and progression of industrial robots, tracing their origins from the 1960s and the automotive industry’s impact on their advancement. It covers diverse applications across various domains, classifies robots based on their environments and design, and emphasizes the importance of further research for developing flexible robotic systems.